¡Å⡧·Ò§ÍÔ¹à·ÍÃìà¹çµ

º§ҡ http://www.ecommerce.or.th/fraud/index.html
觢 (Resources)
- 10 ⡧ҧԹ (Internet Fraud)
- National Fraud Information Center, Internet Fraud Statistics (2001-2000)
- National Fraud Information Center, Six-Month Data Trends Report May-November 2000
- Federal Trade Commission, Operation Top Ten Dot Cons (October 2000)
- Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Scam Watch!
- http://www.thaisecondhand.com/faq/cheating/10cheat.html
      ٻẺͧͧǧ (Type of fraud)
    1. ûԹҷҧԹ (Internet Auction Fraud)
      ͧ١ ͧ ҫ : Ҥ Թ
    2. ԡԹ (Internet Service Provider Scams)
      ԡԹ絶١ : ¡纤Һԡ ԡ͹˹ͧ١Ѻ
    3. ѵôԵѺ͹حҵ (Credit Card Fraud)
      ԡҾ ŢѵôԵ : Ң
    4. ҤǺͧؤ (International Modem Dialing/ Modem Hijacking)
      ԴҾ : ͡÷ҧ
    5. ͡ǧԡ䫵 (Web Cramming)
      ԡྨ : ͹ѧ¡Թ ԡҡ
    6. ͡ǧâẺç (Multilevel Marketing Plans/ Pyramids)
      ɰ : ͧ¡͹ Ѻͧ
    7. ͡ǧʹԹҡ乨 (Nigerian Money Offers)
      ԹԺҹҡѡͧҧҵ : ͹Թѡ 2 繤ҴԹ
    8. ͡ǧСͺáԨҹ (Work-at-Home)
      ͹͹Թҹ : 繴ѧѹ
    9. ͡ǧ騴¹ (Domain name registration scams)
      ١ Ϳ : ҹҢͧ Ͷ١¡Թѧ
    10. ͡ǧɳ͢Ȩ (Miracle products)
      : ѹ ѡѹ

    Թͷ餹šöԴͶ֧ѹẺѹ Ǥ Ѻм觢öͺͤѹѹ ٻẺŵ աѧŴͨӡѴͧʶҹ㹡š¹ С÷ӸáԨ мѺдǡ㹡ë͢СɳԹͺԡ Թ絷ûСͺ áԨҹ硷͹ԡ ҳԪ硷͹ԡ ջԷҾѺ㹻Ѩغѹҡ ҧá ԹҨж١ź͡ǧؤ ǡѹѺë͢µ ͧ¼Թ㹡÷Ӹá ҨҺǺؤŢͧԴ繺ؤ ੾ҧ ¾繡ѹҡ͹ ʶԵ ҡ֡Ң ʶԵͧԹ͡ҧ .. 2544 (ҧԧҡ Nua Internet Survey, ԧҤ 2544) աûҳҨӹǹԹ絷š٧֧ 513 ҹ ͤԴ 8.46 ͧЪҡ÷š Ѻ Ҥ-ừԿԡ ըӹǹ 144 ҹ ѺŨӹǹԹ㹻ҧ͹Ҥ ֧չҤ 2544 Ǩٹ෤硷͹ԡФ觪ҵ ѺӹѡҹʶԵ觪ҵ ӹǹ 3.5 ҹ (http://ntl.nectec.or.th/internet) ͡ҡ §ҹǨͧ ͡ǧҧԹ絔 ͻ .. 2543 ͧ˹§ҹͧѰԡҷ National Fraud Information Center ˹ҷѺͧͧ¹ҡЪҪǡѺë͢Թкԡ÷ҧ Թ 㹪ǧѧͧǡѹ աͧ¹繨ӹǹ 20,014 ͧ ŤҤ µʹ駻դԴԹ 3,387,530 Ѱ ͤµͺؤŤԴ繨ӹǹԹ 427 Ѱ ͧѺͧ¹ҡش 5 ӴѺá ûԹҷҧԹ (Internet Auctions) (78%), ëԹҷ (10%), ԡԹ (Internet Access Services) (3%), ûСͺáԨҹ (Work-At-Home) (3%) СԹǧ˹ (Advance Fee Loans) (2%) ӴѺ ШҡǨ㹻 2544 ҹ ҼѺ繨ӹǹԹ 4,371,724 Ѱ Թͧ㹡͡ǧԸա ԸաôҨ·仨֧Ըա÷ ѺѺ͹ ͡ǧҧ෤ͧ㹡áзӤԴ ͡Դ Ҹó Ҽդҧ෤ ҨҷѹҺ֧Ըա͡ǧѧ ֧ ҨѺ ѧ鹡÷Ӥ㨶֧ٻẺͧ͡ǧԹͧʹ Ըջͧѹ繻ªöͧѹѭҷҨԴ ա駨Ъҧ Ѻ駼мСͺáԨǡѺҳԪ硷͹ԡ觢鹴 1. ûԹҷҧԹ͡ǧ (Internet Auction Fraud) ɳҢԹҷҧԹ絴ԸաûԹ ͷʹ㨨ûѡͧŧ¹ Ҫԡͧ䫵 ·仨¤ ѧҡ鹨ѺŢҪԡʼҹ (password) ͨеͧʹҤҫ觢ѹѺ 鹡ûŶա÷ѭҫ͢ҧм ʹ͢ ¨ա觢ͤҧ (e-mail) м·Һšû ´еԴ ͡ѹ 駽¼͢мµԴ͡ѹͧêԹСͺԹ ѡɳС͡ǧ : ûԹҷҧԹ Ըաë͢ԹҷѺ 繪ͧҧõԴͫ͢Թҷ дǡǴ §ҹǨǢͧҧȾ Ըա͡ǧ辺ҡش蹡ѹ ͡ǧ ٻẺ ͺԹҷͻ Թԧ, ͡ǧ¡ûҤҫ͢ ͺؤŷǢͧѺ¨ʹҤͻԹҢͧ ԹҤ٧ ͵ͧ ԹҤҷ٧Թԧ 繵 ·ҨԴ : ФԹ ѧѺԹ ѺԹҷش Թҷѡɳ çѺաʹ͢á ҹԡûŷҧԹͧҨѺ мԡ (м) ҧԡ Ըաûͧѹ : ͤõǨͺ䫵˹ҷ繼ԡôҹûŷҧԹ (ҧ) ԸաкصǺؤŷ 繼 (ͼ) վ Ǥա纻ѵ ´ͧ öԴ ;ԨóҼ ԡôҹûŷҧԹ (ҧ) չº¡ûСѹ·ҨԴ ੾ҧ ѺԹҷŤҤ͹ҧ٧ 2. ԡԹ͡ǧ (Internet Service Provider Scams) ͡ǧ礨ӹǹ˹ ( 3.5 Ѱ) ԡ աԡԹ Ҽ ŧԡâͧԡԹ (Internet Service Provider - ISP) Ѻ 㹡ùҨա 駤Ҹͤ ѡ繡÷ѭԡԹ絷ҹҹ ͡ǧ ͼԡԴѺʹ㨼ԴӤѭǡѺúԡù Ǥͼҷѭ ѧǨжԹ͹䢷ءС÷к ͡ǧѧǹѡ㹻ȷռԡ Թպԡ÷ҡ ѡɳС͡ǧ : ١¡ԹҺԡõҧ ҡԡԹ ͡ҡ ѧҨդӢҶҡԡ ͧԡѭҡ͹ú˹ѭ ж١Ѻ繨ӹǹԹ٧ ·ҨԴ : ١¡ԹҺԡõҧ ҡԡԹ ͡ҡ ѧҨդӢҶҡԡ ͧԡѭҡ͹ú˹ѭ ж١Ѻ繨ӹǹԹ٧ Ըաûͧѹ : ͼѺҺ˵طѴਹ ÷Ӣ͵ŧ Ѻؤ ֡´ ͧ͢͡͵ŧ¶ǹ Ǩͺµҧ ж١¡úǹ ФõԴͼ ԡԹµç 3. ѵôԵѺ͹حҵ (Credit Card Fraud) êФԹ Һԡ÷ҧԹ絷ѺشԸ˹觤 êԹºѵôԵ ͧҡ дǡ駼м öԹ¡źѵôԵ ŢѵôԵ -ʡŢͧ ͺѵ ѹҹ ҹöǨͺ§ ѵôѧ繺ѵ÷͡¼͡ѵèԧ öǨͺǺؤżѵ繺ؤ ѡɳС͡ǧ : Ըա͡ǧǡѺêԹºѵôԵҧԹԸ ҧ ԡôҾ ͹Ҩ¤ Ѻص 18 բ (Ѱԡ) ͧ źѵôԵԡ÷Һ ͵Ǩͺ١ͧͧ Ǽ͡ǧŹ仡зӼԴ㹷 ·ҨԴ : ͺѵ÷繼١¡ԹԹͺԡèҡѷ͸Ҥü͡ѵ 駷ͺѵѵ ôԵ¡ù 觡ºҧȨͧͺѵ㹡óչ ͼͺѵѺԴԹ ӹǹԹ˹㹢͵ŧҧ͡ѵмͺѵ Ըաûͧѹ : ͺѵôԵ駢źѵôԵؤ蹷Һ ҡͧաêԹºѵôԵҧԹ ͡ҹҷդͶ ѡ觷͹öԴ ͼҨ͡ѵ÷Ըա ǨͺǺؤżѵ繼ͺѵ ʻШӵ (PIN) ҡ躹ѵ 繢ǹǢͧͺѵ÷Դؤ蹷Һ ͡ҡ ͺѵäõǨ٢͵ŧѺ͡ѵ ͹䢤ѺԴͺҧ 4. ҤǺͧؤ (International Modem Dialing/ Modem Hijacking) ѡɳС͡ǧ : ɳҡԡ͹Ҩ¤ ԡèеͧԴʹ Ҿѧ¡ viewer dialer ͧԡ ͼԡԴҾҧ ÷ӧҹ ͧѧǨաͧ (modem) 㹢ǡѹ ФǺ÷ӧҹͧ ش÷ӧҹ·ԡ Ǩաõҹա˹ 繡Ѿ ҧŨҡ㴷˹ աԹա駨ҡ ԡö䫵 ·ҨԴ : ԡèж١¡ԹѾҧŨӹǹҡ 駷ԡҨѺ պؤ ѡͺѾѧ Ըաûͧѹ : ԡͼա§Դ Ѻԡ ¤ ੾ҧ觡ô䫵բҾ͹Ҩ ФõǨͺ͹Фµҧ Ҿ觼Դ ͧЧѺҹѺԡ÷ѹ ͡ҡ ԡäõǨͺ˹ҺԡѾҧ 5. ͡ǧԡǡѺ䫵 (Web Cramming) ѡɳС͡ǧ : ͡ǧաԡԴྨ (web page) ¤ 蹡Դྨ 30 ѹ բͼ١ѹ ԡõ ·ҨԴ : աõŧԡôѧ ԡèж١¡ԹԡѾ ͤԡ㹡 ྨ (Ҹ鹷) 繨ӹǹҡ 赹ԡѤҧ ԡѧ öԡ¡ԡѹա Ըաûͧѹ : õǨͺǡѺԡ ͡ԡ÷դͶҹ (óչѡ ȷռԡѾӹǹҡ㹻Ѱԡ 繵) 6. ͡ǧõҴ͡âẺç (Multilevel Marketing Plans/ Pyramids) ѡɳС͡ǧ : ͡ǧѡɳй¤֧Ѻùɳ㹡÷ӵҴ͡âµç աêѡǹؤŷ Ҫԡ͢¸áԨ ¡áҧҼ¨ѺԷ㹡è˹ԹªԴ ѺŻªҡâԹ ͪѡǹؤ繵᷹µç 繷ʹ Ѻªԧըӹǹ ·ҨԴ : ͢¨еͧФҪԡӹǹ˹ Шҧ ͧ ֧͹ѡѺŻª͡ǧҧ öԹ Ըաûͧѹ : Ѵѧ㹡ѤҪԡ͵᷹˹Թ ͧҪԡ͵ͧ ˹ԹҷҤҤ͹ҧ٧ʹ˹·˹ Ҩ١͡ǧ 7. ͡ǧʹԹҡ乨 (Nigerian Money Offers) ѡɳС͡ǧ : Թ絨Ѻͤҡ (e-mail) ҡؤŷҧդӤѭ㹻乨 ͪ͢㹡͹Թӹǹҡѧҧ ¼ѺԹǹ觨ӹǹѺҹ­ Ѱ ͤ㹨ҷӹͧ ЪҪ㹻乨öԴѭԹҡ㹵ҧ ͹Թ͡͡ȷŤ 10 ҹѰ Ѱ乨µͧ÷ӸáԨѺǵҧҵ ֧ͧäͨҡǵҧҵ㹡ԴѭԹҡѹԡ 觷ҹѺ ͺ᷹ͤҹ˹ §´ͧѭԹҡͧ С͡͡þŧͪ ͧҢͧѭҹ ·ҨԴ : ա駢źѭԹҡ ж١¡纤Ҹͤ㹡ôԹõʹ ͹ԹҺѭշ ͡ǧ֧öԡԹҡѭմѧҧ͡ͺӹҨͧ ͧѭ ͹ԹѡɳйҨ㹻 繡͹ԹҧѭբͧҤǡѹ ҧԹ Ըաûͧѹ : ŧͺؤ蹷ҧʹͨŻªӹǹդ§蹹 Դ¢źѭոҤâͧ蹴 8. ͡ǧСͺáԨҹ (Work-at-Home) ѡɳС͡ǧ : ѷ͡ǧԭǹͧûСͺáԨҧԹ͸áԨҹҳԪ硷͹ԡ ѤҪԡͷӸáԨ ¼§ͧöԹ絨ҡҹ ѡҧ ҸáԨ繸áԨԺҧǴ 㹢зѺй㹡÷ӸáԨ բŸáԨ ѴਹҺҵҨѺҵͺ᷹ ١͡ǧж١¡ԹҪԡͫػó ӸáԨ ·ҨԴ : ŧعѺԹҵͺ᷹աáҧ Ҩͧ٭Թҡŧعա Ըաûͧѹ : ͧŧع͵ͧҢͧԨ ֡ͺ´ͧáԨŧعè Թҵͺ᷹Ѻ ա˹ҷ͹֧·еͧ㹡鹷ӸáԨ мѧŧͤԭǹͧҧ繸áԨҧӹǹҡ 9. ͡ǧ騴¹ (Domain name registration scams) ѡɳС͡ǧ : ͧ÷ӸáԨҧԹ絷ͧ䫵ͧͧ Ѻʹ ҹö ѺԷ㹡è¹дѺ¡ Generic Top-Level Domain gTLD .com, .org, .net, .int, .edu, .gov, .mil, .aero, .biz, .coop, .info, .museum, .name, and .pro 繵 ͹ؤ ж١¡ Ҹ㹡èͧͧ 㹤繨ԧաԡѡɳдѧ ·ҨԴ : ŧҨѺԹ͡ǧ ѺԷͻªҧ Ըաûͧѹ : ա§ԡáâͨ¹ǧ˹ ѺͧҨѺԷ 㹡͡ (gTLD) ͹ؤ ŧͤɳ õԴǡѺ蹢ͨ¹ҡѺ¹ѺԷ 䫵ͧ ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) (www.icann.org) ԡè¹Ѻ˹§ҹ Ͷ ԡԹ, ѷСͺáԨǡѺҳԪ硷͹ԡ ԡâͧ ٹʹ ͢觻” (Thailand Network Information Center THNIC) (www.thnic.net) 10. ͡ǧɳ͢Ȩ (Miracle products) ѡɳС͡ǧ : ɳ͢ҷҧԹ絷ҧþسöѡäҡ纻´äç ä, äԤѹͧ (HIV/AIDS), äѹԵ٧ öҤ纻ѹ ѡҧҹ ѺѺͧ͡þ٨ҧԷʵ ·ҨԴ : ·ҴѧöѡҤ纻 Ҩͧ٭Թ͡㹡Ѻѡҧ١ͧ ͡ҡ ѧҨѺѹ¨ҡҹ鹴 Ըաûͧѹ : ѡäѺйӨҡᾷѪҹ

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